In 2007, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security enacted Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) legislation outlining security standards for facilities considered high-risk. Despite its name, CFATS affects more than just petrochemical plants—it also encompasses industries or facilities using a list of about more than 300 Chemicals of Interest (COIs) above the Screening Threshold Quantities (STQ).
With some exceptions, affected industries include petrochemical manufacturing, refining, storage and distribution, energy and utilities, agriculture and food, paints and coatings, paper, plastics, explosives, mining, electronics, higher education, and healthcare.
DHS has published guidelines known as Risk-Based Performance Standards (RBPS) for developing the CFATS Site Security Plan (SSP), as required by the law.
There are 18 RBPS in total and each tier has a specific set of standards to meet. For CFATS-regulated facilities, perimeter protection and perimeter detection solutions must help satisfy the appropriate RBPS.